The phonetic evolution of the vocal system of the Albanian language short vowels and vowels formed within Albanian

Dr.Sc. Yllka R.Imeri

University “Fehmi Agani” Gjakovë Faculty of Philology


The sound system of Albanian has its origin in the ancient Indo-European language, which had a highly developed vowel system, but the evolution of that system from the earliest times cannot be known, because there are no documents for such periods of the language. However, relying on the sound systems of the languages that are its daughters, the sound system of that language has been roughly reconstructed, starting from a certain period of development.

The researchers who dealt with this linguistic phenomenon of phonetic evolution, and who paid special attention to it, were: Kolec Topalli, Eqrem Çabej, Shaban Demiraj, Rexhep Ismajli.

Benjamin and Fortson say that the i.e. language possessed five short vowels /i/, /e/, /a, /o/, /u/. Some branches merged at least two of the vowels (usually a and o, as in Indo-Iranian, Germanic and Balto-Slavic) and all vowels underwent many sound changes in different phonetic environments (Benjamin & Fortson, 2005: 60).

The purpose of this paper is to see the treatment of vowel issues by different speakers.The paper method is a comparison of opinions, and their presentation in language books.

Key words: vowel, comparison, researcher.

Volume 7.No.1(2023): April – (Humanities Session)

ISSN 2661-2666 (Online) International Scientific Journal Monte (ISJM)
ISSN 2661-264X (Print)



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