Prof. Assoc. Dr. HALIM BAJRAKTARI1, M.Sc. EMURLLAH SPAHIU2, M.Sc. SIHANA DURAKU3
Authors country of origin: Kosovo1/2/3
Institutional affiliation: 1Associate Professor and Dean of Law Faculty at the University of Prizren “Ukshin Hoti”, 2MSc. Cultural heritage and Tourism management. 3MSc. Cultural heritage and Tourism management
No organization represents a community of states more than the United Nations (UN). The UN provides balance, neutrality, security, and stability for the international community. States invest more legitimacy in that than any other organization and through its universal membership, it serves as a road and guide to international norms.
On the other hand, the United Nations doesn’t have the competence to recognize states, but states recognize states. If you’re not a UN member, it doesn’t mean that you’re not a state. The four criteria for being a state are the determination of a territory, the populations, the government, and the ability to reach an agreement with others.
In this contest Republic of Kosovo is facing difficulties in joining United Nation, and its specialized agencies, also facing difficulties, to join international organizations as a way to secure recognition and complete statehood in the international arena. Showing the will and the determination to respect international obligations regulated by each specialized agency and organization, the process of application in UNESCO is the case that shows how the states are divided in the international arena and one of the major failures of Kosovo foreign policy and diplomacy after the rejection of Kosovo bid to join UNESCO in 2015.
The application process and steps followed by Kosovo institutions, decisions, and recommendation of the UNESCO executive board, discussed at the General Conference, part of the general conference discussion related to the Kosovo application and voting process on the General Conference distribution of votes from the states who voted in favor, against, abstention and absence during General Conference and rejection of Kosovo bid. And the conclusions
while what are the benefits of joining the UNESCO and the consequences for Kosovo in the rejection of a bid to obtain a seat at the organization UNESCO, what are the next steps and the chances of Kosovo Institution and recommendations for future, and selection of approaches on the second bid to join UNESCO shortly?
Keyword: International community, UN special agencies, UNESCO, statehood, Executive Board, General Conference, Admission, Republic of Kosovo, Rejection
Volume 1.No.1(2018): April
ISSN 2661-2666 (Online) International Scientific Journal Monte (ISJM)
ISSN 2661-264X (Print)
DOI : 10.33807/monte.1.201904229
DOI URL : https://doi.org/10.33807/monte.1.201904229
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This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)